"In 2012-13, the revenue-earning freight traffic of the Indian Railways is projected to rise by 5.2 per cent. About 1,020 million tonnes of commodities are likely to be transported during the year," CMIE said in its latest report. The freight traffic during the June quarter increased 4.8 per cent as compared to the corresponding period year ago.
Noting that the growth will be supported by coal and iron ore meant for domestic steel plants, the report said country's coal imports are expected to rise by 28.3 per cent to 134.4 million, which will create a need for transporting.
There is a strong demand for coal from the power and steel sectors. Since the domestic output is not sufficient to meet the demand of the power sector, coal is imported.
"Finished steel production is expected to rise to 7.4 per cent, to cater to demand from the infrastructure and automobile sectors."
According to CMIE, in Jun 2012, the railways freight traffic increased by 5.2 per cent year-on-year to 80.4 million tonnes.
Higher freight volumes of coal and iron ore meant for steel plants neutralised the effect of sharp decline in traffic of iron ore (excluding for steel plants) and fertilisers.
Accordingly, the Railways freight revenue rose by a robust 29.2 per cent to Rs 6,926 crore. This increase was mainly added by a sharp 39.7 per cent increase in freight revenue of coal, the CMIE report said.
At the same time, the CMIE said, the freight volumes of coal rose by 10.1 per cent in June (y-0-y) to 39.3 million tonnes driven by a 9-12 per cent increase in traffic of thermal coal and coal for public use.
The iron ore freight meant for domestic steel plants jumped by 40.7 per cent to 5.2 million tonnes during the month. However, traffic of iron ore excluding that for steel plants declined 13.7 per cent, it said.